Meeting Report on Experimental Approaches to Evolution and Ecology Using Yeast and Other Model Systems

The fourth EMBO-sponsored conference on Experimental Approaches to Evolution and Ecology Using Yeast and Other Model Systems (http://ift.tt/2i8FKi0), was held at the EMBL in Heidelberg, Germany, October 19-23, 2016. The conference was organized by Judith Berman (Tel Aviv University), Maitreya Dunham (University of Washington), Jun-Yi Leu (Academia Sinica), and Lars Steinmetz (EMBL Heidelberg and Stanford University). The meeting attracted ~120 researchers from 28 countries and covered a wide range of topics in the fields of genetics, evolutionary biology, and ecology with a unifying focus on yeast as a model system. Attendees enjoyed the Keith Haring inspired yeast florescence microscopy artwork (Figure 1), a unique feature of the meeting since its inception, and the one-minute flash talks that catalyzed discussions at two vibrant poster sessions. The meeting coincided with the 20th anniversary of the publication describing the sequence of the first eukaryotic genome, Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Goffeau et al. 1996). Many of the conference talks focused on important questions about what is contained in the genome, how genomes evolve, and the architecture and behavior of communities of phenotypically and genotypically diverse microorganisms. Here, we summarize highlights of the research talks around these themes. Nearly all presentations focused on novel findings, and we refer the reader to relevant manuscripts that have subsequently been published.

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COORDINATION OF TRIVALENT LANTHANIDES WITH BISMALONAMIDE LIGANDS: IMPLICATIONS FOR LIQUID-LIQUID EXTRACTION

The complexation of the bismalonamide ligand 2,2′-(1,2-phenylenebis(methylene))bis(N,N,N’,N’-tetraethylmalonamide) (L), bearing two C-alkylated N,N,N’,N’-tetraethylmalonamide groups onto ortho-xylylene (C6H4(CH2)2) platform, with trivalent lanthanides was investigated both in solid- and solution states. The crystal structures [Nd2(NO3)6L2]·(CH3CN)3 (2), [Nd2(NO3)4L2]·[Nd(NO3)5]·(CH3CN)1.5 (3), Ce(NO3)3L2 (4) and [NdL2]·(ClO4)3·C2H5OH (5) were analyzed by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The ortho-bismalonamide (L) is tetradentate in the structures 2, 3 and 5 and bidentate in 4 only. It was found that the structures 2 and 3 are composed of dimeric species. According to electrospray ionization – mass spectrometry the dimers are prevailing in acetonitrile solutions. The polydentate coordination of the ortho-bismalonamide (L) with trivalent lanthanides suggests that an entropy effect favors liquid-liquid extraction of the metal ions with this type of ligands.

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Identification and red blood cell automated counting from blood smear images using computer-aided system

Abstract

              <p>Red blood cell count plays a vital role in identifying the overall health of the patient. Hospitals use the hemocytometer to count the blood cells. Conventional method of placing the smear under microscope and counting the cells manually lead to erroneous results, and medical laboratory technicians are put under stress. A computer-aided system will help to attain precise results in less amount of time. This research work proposes an image-processing technique for counting the number of red blood cells. It aims to examine and process the blood smear image, in order to support the counting of red blood cells and identify the number of normal and abnormal cells in the image automatically. K-medoids algorithm which is robust to external noise is used to extract the WBCs from the image. Granulometric analysis is used to separate the red blood cells from the white blood cells. The red blood cells obtained are counted using the labeling algorithm and circular Hough transform. The radius range for the circle-drawing algorithm is estimated by computing the distance of the pixels from the boundary which automates the entire algorithm. A comparison is done between the counts obtained using the labeling algorithm and circular Hough transform. Results of the work showed that circular Hough transform was more accurate in counting the red blood cells than the labeling algorithm as it was successful in identifying even the overlapping cells. The work also intends to compare the results of cell count done using the proposed methodology and manual approach. The work is designed to address all the drawbacks of the previous research work. The research work can be extended to extract various texture and shape features of abnormal cells identified so that diseases like anemia of inflammation and chronic disease can be detected at the earliest.</p><br /><br />

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Abernethy malformation associated with Caroli’s syndrome in a patient with a PKHD1 mutation: a case report

Abernethy malformation is a rare congenital anomaly characterised by the partial or complete absence of the portal vein and the subsequent development of an extrahepatic portosystemic shunt. Caroli’s disease i…

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The function of the thyroid gland in patients with multi-drug resistant tuberculosis

Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDRTB) remains a health problem for many countries in the world. The share of MDRTB is 10–30% among newly diagnosed cases and 20–70% among relapses and treatment failure. The …

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Proceedings, Vol. 1, Pages 466: H2-Sensing Performance of 2D WO3 Nanostructure—Effect of Anodization Parameter

Proceedings, Vol. 1, Pages 466: H2-Sensing Performance of 2D WO3 Nanostructure—Effect of Anodization Parameter

<p>Proceedings <a href="http://ift.tt/2w3b0EJ">doi: 10.3390/proceedings1040466</a></p> 
<p>Authors: 
    Anurat Wisitsora-at 
    Ditsayut Phokaratkul 
    Kata Jaruwongrangsee 
    Thitima M. Daniels 
    Wojtek Wlodarski 
    </p> 
<p>In this work, we investigate the effect of HNO3 anodizing solution concentration ranging from 1.5 to 3 M on H2-sensing performance of 2D WO3 nanostructures prepared by anodizing sputtered tungsten films. The thickness of WO3 nanosheets was found to reduce while the crystallinity degraded with increasing HNO3 concentration. However, the nanosheets anodized in 2 M HNO3 exhibited the highest response of 43.4 to 1 vol % H2, which was one order of magnitude larger than those fabricated with other concentrations at the optimal operating temperature of 350 °C. In addition, the optimal nanostructures displayed good H2 selectivity against NO2, CH4, C2H2 and C2H5OH.</p><br /><br />

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