Intermittent administration of parathyroid hormone ameliorated alveolar bone loss in experimental periodontitis in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats

Publication date: November 2017
Source:Archives of Oral Biology, Volume 83
Author(s): Helin Chen, Taozi Fu, Yuanyuan Ma, Xiangnan Wu, Xianxian Li, Xinyi Li, Jiefei Shen, Hang Wang
ObjectiveIntermittent administration of parathyroid hormone (PTH) has been demonstrated to have anabolic effects on bone metabolism and is approved for use in the treatment of osteoporosis. This study evaluates the role of intermittent PTH administration on alveolar bone loss in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats.DesignFifty male Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into the following five groups: (1) a control group (saline placebo without ligature and STZ injection), (2) a PTH group (PTH administration without ligature and STZ injection), (3) an L group (saline placebo with ligature), (4) an L+STZ group (saline placebo with ligature and STZ injection), and (5) an L+STZ+PTH group (PTH administration with ligature and STZ injection). PTH was administered at 75μg/kg per dose four times a week for 28days. Subsequently, all rats were sacrificed, and their mandibles were extracted for micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) scanning, as well as histological and immunochemical evaluation.ResultsMicro-CT scanning demonstrated the anabolic effect of PTH on alveolar bone metabolism in STZ-induced diabetic rats (P<0.05), and histomorphometry indicated that PTH inhibited inflammation of the periodontium and increased the level of osteoblastic activity (P<0.05). Immunochemical evaluation showed that rats subjected to both ligature placement and STZ injection had the highest receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand (RANKL)/osteoprotegerin (OPG) ratio and that PTH administration decreased this ratio.ConclusionIntermittent systemic PTH administration effectively reduced alveolar bone loss and ameliorated the manifestation of experimental periodontitis in STZ-induced diabetic rats.

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