Prognostic significance of a comprehensive histologic evaluation of reticulin fibrosis, collagen deposition and osteosclerosis in primary myelofibrosis patients

Abstract

Aims

to evaluate whether a comprehensive histological evaluation of reticulin fibrosis, collagen deposition and osteosclerosis in bone marrow trephine biopsies (BMBs) of primary myelofibrosis (PMF) patients may have prognostic implications.

Methods

reticulin fibrosis, collagen deposition and osteosclerosis were graded from 0 to 3 in a series of 122 base-line BMBs. Then, we assigned to each case a comprehensive score (RCO score, ranging from 0 to 9) that allowed us to distinguish two groups of patients, with low-grade (RCO score 0-4) and high-grade (RCO score 5-9) stromal changes.

Results and discussion

of 122 patients, 88 displayed a low-grade and 34 a high-grade RCO score. The latter was more frequently associated with anemia, thrombocytopenia, peripheral blood blasts and increased lactate dehydrogenase levels. RCO score resulted strictly correlated with overall mortality (p=0.013) and International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS) risk categories, and was able to discriminate the overall survival of both low- and high-grade patients (Log-Rank test: p<0.001). Moreover, it proved to be more accurate than the European Consensus on grading of bone marrow fibrosis (ECGMF grade) in identifying high-risk patients with poor prognosis.

Finally, a combined analysis of RCO scores and IPSS risk categories in an integrated clinical-pathological evaluation was able to increase the positive predictive value (PPV) for mortality in high-risk patients.

Conclusion

the comprehensive RCO score, obtained by histological evaluation of reticulin fibrosis, collagen deposition and osteosclerosis, resulted prognostically significant, more accurate than ECGMF grade in identifying high-risk patients, and improved PPV when applied in addition to IPSS.

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