Recent thymic emigrants, T regulatory cells, and BAFF level in children with X-linked agammaglobulinaemia in association with chronic respiratory disease

Publication date: Available online 4 May 2017
Source:Allergologia et Immunopathologia
Author(s): S.O. Sharapova, O.E. Pashchenko, I.E. Guryanova, A.A. Migas, I.V. Kondratenko, O.V. Aleinikova
BackgroundX-linked agammaglobulinaemia (XLA) is a genetic disorder affecting B cell maturation, which is characterised by a low number of B cells, agammaglobulinaemia and increased susceptibility to a variety of bacterial infections. This study was performed to assess T cell subpopulations in a group of children with XLA in association with chronic respiratory disease (CRD).MethodsNumbers of T cell subpopulations (CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, CD3+DR+, naïve, memory, recent thymic emigrants (RTE), regulatory T cells, follicular T helpers) were measured by eight-colour flow cytometry in 22 XLA patients and 50 controls. BAFF level was measured by ELISA.ResultsXLA patients with CRD had a significantly lower percentage of RTE numbers and Tregs, while significantly higher absolute counts of lymphocytes, CD3+, CD8+, CD3+DR+ and CD4+CD45RO+ T cells were detected as compared with healthy controls. In patients with XLA without CRD, the number of follicular T helper cells was altered significantly (percentage and absolute), as compared with healthy controls. Additionally, they had significantly higher counts (percentage and absolute) of CD4+CD45RA+ cells and lower percentage of CD4+CD45RO+ cells in comparison with healthy controls.ConclusionsOur study affords new information concerning CRD and T cell subsets that differentiate or are maintained in the absence of B cells in children with XLA. T cell’s homeostasis depends on the presence of chronic respiratory disease that may be caused by the delay in diagnosis.

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