Impact of venous invasion on the efficacy of adjuvant chemotherapy in elderly patients with stage III colorectal cancer

Abstract

                <p>One of the reasons for the underuse of adjuvant chemotherapy in elderly patients with stage III colorectal cancer is a small survival benefit. This retrospective study sought to identify the predictive factors for elderly patients who could obtain a sufficient survival benefit. We reviewed the data of 1354 elderly patients (aged ≥70 years) with stage III colorectal cancer who underwent complete resection between January 1997 and December 2006. The efficacy of adjuvant chemotherapy was assessed, and the risk factors for recurrence were determined. The efficacy of adjuvant chemotherapy was also assessed after stratification for the above-mentioned risk factors for recurrence. There was a tendency for adjuvant chemotherapy to be effective in elderly patients (hazard ratio 0.84; 95% CI 0.70–1.01). Age, tumor location, pathology findings, tumor depth, venous invasion and lymph node metastasis were identified to be independent risk factors for recurrence by univariate and multivariate analyses. Among these factors, adjuvant chemotherapy was much effective in the elderly patients with high venous invasion (v2-3) (hazard ratio 0.69; 95% CI 0.52–0.91). High venous invasion (v2-3) was identified to be a predictive factor for elderly patients with stage III colorectal cancer who gained a sufficient survival benefit.</p><br /><br />

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